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Commodities: Field Crops: Forages: FAQs

What varieties of winter annuals forages are currently recommended for Georgia ?

The latest winter annual forage yield results (including annual ryegrass) are now available online at the Statewide Variety Test Web site. Yields are available for locations including Calhoun, Griffin, Plains, Tifton, and Marianna, FL. A statewide summary is also included as is a seed source summary. Recommended planting dates and seeding rates (PDF) are also available at this site under the cultural practices section. Recommended varieties are listed below. Other recommended species & varieties are listed on the "Forage Species Adapted to Georgia" page.

Cool Season Annual Grasses

Annual Ryegrass
Adaptation: Entire state. Tolerates poor drainage and close grazing. Soil pH should be kept above 6.0 for best results.
Establishment: Seed at 10 to 15 lb/A in mixtures or 20 to 30 lb/A alone during September or early October.
Varieties: General Use: Oregro DH-3, Ed, Jumbo, Marshall, Passerel Plus
Early Varieties: Oregro DH-3, Ed, Grazer
Adaptation: Entire state. More tolerant of soil acidity than oat or wheat. Rye will mature quickly and quality may decline fast. Timely grazing or harvest management will be required.
Establishment: Plant 90 to 120 lb/A alone or 60 to 90 lb/A in mixtures during September or October.
Varieties:* AGS104 (S); Bates (S); Early Graze (S); Oklon (S);
Wintergrazer 70 (S); Wrens Abruzzi (S); Wrens 96 (S)
Adaptation: South and central GA. Oat can be winterkilled in some years. Soil pH should be kept above 6.0 for best results.
Establishment: Same as for rye.
Varieties:* Horizon 321 (S); Horizon 474 (S); Horizon 270 (S);
NK-Coker 227 (S); Rodgers (P,M); SS76-40 (C);
TAMO 406 (C)
New Releases that are still being evaluated: Trophy, Horizon 314 (NB is this the correct link??)
Adaptation: Entire state. Not tolerant of soil acidity.
Establishment: Same as for rye.
Varieties:* AGS 2000 (S); Pioneer 26R61 (S); Roberts (P,M);
USG 3209 (P, M); USG 3592 (S)
*M = Mountains; P = Piedmont; C = Coastal Plain; S = Statewide.

Cool Season Annual Legumes

Arrowleaf Clover
Adaptation: Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont. Requires well drained soil, not tolerant of soil acidity or low fertility.
Establishment: Plant scarified seed at 5 to 10 lb/A in September to early November. Excellent reseeder.
Varieties: Apache. This variety has virus disease resistance but is still susceptible to crown and stem rot which wiped out most plantings of the Yuchi variety
Crimson Clover
Adaptation: Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont. Fairly tolerant of soil acidity but does not tolerate poor drainage.
Establishment: Seed broadcast at 20 to 30 lb/A in September-October.
Varieties: AU Robin and Flame produce more winter growth than the old variety Dixie. Tibbee and Chief may also provide satisfactory results.