Triticale (pronounced trit-ih-KAY-lee) is a hybrid of wheat and rye that has been evaluated for grain and forage production. It grows tall like rye, but matures later like wheat. It has a relatively wide leaf and can produce high quality forage if grazed or cut in vegetative or early reproductive stages.
Unfortunately, triticale yields have historically not been greater than wheat. Further, it matures faster than wheat but slower than rye, and its forage quality declines rapidly after seedhead development. Until recently, triticale has been bred for grain production. However, newer varieties have better forage production and, when harvested correctly, can provide excellent quality. Some of these newer varieties work well as single-cut silage or baleage crops, particularly for use in dairy rations. However, triticale has not performed well under grazing in Georgia when planted by itself.
Seed in late September-October. See Establishment of Cool Season Annual Grasses for more details.
Triticale varieties that are recommended for use in GA: FL 01143 (C)^, NF 201^, Trical 342, Trical Merlin Max^, and Trical Surge^.
† Recommended varieties have consistently demonstrated above average yields in UGA variety trials. Other varieties may provide satisfactory yields, but were either not consistently above average or were not submitted to the Statewide Variety Trial program. * = to be dropped from recommended list next year unless new data indicates above average yields. ^= Seed may be limited in 2019-20. M = Mountains; P = Piedmont; C = Coastal Plain; No note indicates the variety is recommended statewide.
Dr. Dennis Hancock
Forage Extension Specialist
Crop & Soil Sciences Dept.